英翻中長句子的快速翻譯法

如果英語長句的時間順序、邏輯順序以及名詞性從句與漢語句子基本相似,則可按原文順序譯。

President George Bush has rejected the treaty, calling it unfair in allowing developing countries – such as China, India and Brazil—to carry on emitting
greenhouse gases unabated while rich countries must cut theirs.

(布什總統已拒絕簽署該條約,稱該條約不公平,因為它允許諸如中國、印度和巴西等發展中國家繼續不受限制地排放溫室氣體,而發達國家卻必須減少它們的排放量。)

我們可以在翻譯中將英語長句中一連串後置修飾語與其修飾成分分開來譯,將短語或從句分拆譯為短句。

The U.S. almost certainly will have departed from Thailand where the government has declared U.S. forces unwelcome and from Taiwan which the U.S. should
evacuate under the terms of the U.S.-Chinese Shanghai Communique of 1972.

鑑於泰國已經宣布美國軍隊不受歡迎,而根據中美兩國1972年上海公報的規定,美國應該從台灣撤軍,因此,幾乎可以肯定美國將會從泰國和中國台灣撤軍。)

Across all continents, nearly a billion people seek, sometimes almost desperation, for the skills and knowledge and assistance by which they may satisfy
from their own resources, the material wants common to all mankind.

(遍及各大洲的近10億人口在尋求,有時幾乎是不惜一切地尋求技術、知識和援助。有了技術、知識和援助,他們就能夠運用自己的資源來滿足全人類的物質需要。)

(3) 逆序法

“Neither believe nor reject anything, because any other person has rejected or believed it …”

(“不要因為別的人相信或拒絕了什麼東西,你也就去相信或拒絕它……”)

Yesterday, Iraqis got a glimpse of what life without Saddam Hussein may hold, as protests and politicking marked the first day of meetings to decide the
country’s fate.

(昨天是伊拉克召開決定國家命運的會議的第一天,各種抗議和其它政治活動令人矚目,讓伊拉克人初次瞥見了沒有薩達姆的生活會是什麼樣子。)

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